Tutorial Transcript

Hi everyone and welcome back to my channel! So, in today's video we talk about aspectual verbs, which are really very interesting verbs, because they allow us to tell an action in detail. Because with aspectual verbs we describe the various aspects of the verb, the various moments of the action. We have an imminent moment when something is about to happen. We have a moment when the action starts, so when the action starts. We have a while of action, therefore the development of action. And then we have an end to the action. All this information can be described and communicated thanks to these verbs. These verbs are composed of a verb, which you probably already know, and are accompanied by a preposition. We must be careful because each verb is always followed by the same preposition, which is not interchangeable. Today we see the most common aspectual verbs used in conversation, the most common ones! Today I will help myself with the blackboard, because I need the blackboard. Because I made a small scheme, which I will now show you. Behind me you see the blackboard. We are interested in what is written on the blackboard on your left. I made a small scheme to simplify the topic of phraseological/aspectual verbs. Not that they are difficult, because they are not. But this scheme helps us a little to visualize the use of these verbs. This is the starting point, here we have the verb, we can choose any verb. Walking, laughing, talking, etc. This is our verb. Here we have the beginning of the action, while here we have the end of the action. This part is the imminent moment, the action has not yet started. The action starts here, where it says "start action". This is the part where the action takes place. We talked about the imminent phase, the action has not yet started, but is about to begin. About to do something. This is a "stand for infinite" periphrasis. When the action starts, we use these verbs here. Start at, begin at, start at, these are some of the most used in the daily language; (that's why I chose these verbs) In brackets I put "burst at", this verb is used are with verbs like "laugh" and "cry". Burst out laughing, burst out crying. While then the action takes place - I can't move my finger. The action is taking place where you see the green brace. To communicate that the action is in full swing, we use the "stare gerund" periphrasis. I'm walking, I'm laughing, I'm talking. We can use "keep on" to give the idea of โ€‹โ€‹an action that repeats itself, the development of which is still in progress. I keep walking, I keep laughing, I keep talking. The action is not over, it is still taking place. When instead we want to express the end of an action, we want to communicate that an action is over, so here, "end of action", we use these two verbs: finish of, stop of. So stop doing something, stop doing something. I finish talking, I stop talking. There is a small difference between these two verbs, I will explain it to you even later though, "finish" means "complete an action", "stop" means "stop an action". If we wanted to make a description of all the phases of an action, using aspectual verbs, we would say: I am about to speak, I have not yet started, but I am about to speak. I start talking, then the action has started, I start talking, I start talking. And then with the verbs "to laugh" and "to cry" we use the verb "to burst", then "burst to laugh", "burst to cry". In the meantime I say "I'm talking" and "I keep talking" about the action. When the action ends, I say "finish talking" or "stop talking". While the two verbs "begin at" and "begin at" are synonymous, the verbs "to finish" and "to stop" are not exactly the same thing, if I say "I finish talking" it means that I complete a reasoning, then I finish talking and say all I have to say. Instead "stop" means "stop an action", so the action ends, yes, but it is stopped. If I say "stop talking" I didn't necessarily finish my speech or finish my reasoning, I just stop talking at any point in my reasoning. Thanks so much for watching this video and I hope it is useful! If you have any questions on this topic, leave a comment below and I will try to answer everyone. Obviously the aspectual verbs that we have seen today are the most commonly used in conversations, then there are other verbal phrases that are used in the same way and with the same meanings, maybe I can make another video on this topic. Thanks a lot again and see you in the next video, see you soon! Hi!